ISCCP Calibration Coefficients
Calibration Coefficient Tables
The calibration adjustment coefficients found in these tables are meant to be applied either to scaled visible radiances (values from zero to one) or to brightness temperatures (IR in Kelvins):
- for visible scaled radiances,
L = S * Ln + I
- for infrared brightness temperatures,
T = S * Tn + I
- for infrared brightness temperatures,
where L and Ln are the corrected and Nominal scaled visible radiances, T and Tn are the corrected and Nominal brightness temperatures, and S and I are the respective slope and intercept values given in the calibration tables.
The values of Ln and Tn are determined from the original telemetry count values using the Nominal calibration supplied by the operator for each satellite radiometer. The ISCCP version of these data (the B3 dataset) represents the values of Ln and Tn as standard 8-bit count representing integers from 0 to 254 with the value 255 reserved to indicate "no data". Although the Nominal calibrations used by ISCCP are obtained from the satellite operators, there may have been changes made later. The ABSOLUTE calibrations given here are valid ONLY when used with the assumed Nominal calibration and spectral response functions, both of which are given in the Radiance Calibration Report. If a different Nominal calibration is assumed, then these coefficients need to be modified to account for this difference.
Several sets of S and I values are given for each satellite. For the geostationary satellites (GMS, GOES, METEOSAT, INSAT), the first set of coefficients gives the normalization to the current afternoon polar orbiter (see list of dates below indicating the reference polar orbiter) and the second set gives the final absolute calibration that accounts for the normalization to the reference polar orbiter and for any adjustments to that polar orbiter. For the polar orbiters (NOAA), the Total Correction is composed of two parts: a normalization to the original reference standard and an absolute correction including trend correction.
Date Range Reference Polar Orbiter --------------- ----------------------------------------- Aug 81 - Jan 85 NOAA-7 Feb 85 - Oct 88 NOAA-9 Nov 88 - Sep 94 NOAA-11 Oct 94 - Jan 95 Interpolation between NOAA-11 and NOAA-14 Feb 95 - Sep 01 NOAA-14 Oct 01 - Dec 05 NOAA-16
It is important to obtain the FINAL CALIBRATION posted here since small adjustments are implemented during D data production. The coefficients reported here represent final calibration through June 2005. Coefficients after that period are still under review. All available calibration is posted here, including months where the B3 dataset has not yet been produced.
Note: The ISCCP BT data covering the period 1983 through June 2005
is now available by individual satellite in our
Additionally, the Absolute IR coefficients have been updated with the latest calibrations and made effective on April 20, 2007.
- GMS-1 (Feb 84 - Jun 84)
- GMS-2A (Jul 83 - Jan 84)
*** GMS-2 was temporarily replaced by GMS-1 Jan 84-Jun 84 ***
- GMS-2B (Jun 84 - Sep 84)
- GMS-3 (Sep 84 - Nov 89)
- GMS-4 (Dec 89 - Jun 95)
- GMS-5 (Jun 95 - Apr 03)
- GOES-5 (Jul 83 - Jul 84)
- GOES-6 (Jul 83 - Jan 89)
- GOES-7 (Apr 87 - Dec 95)
- GOES-8 (May 95 - Mar 03)
- GOES-9A (Jan 96 - Jul 98)
*** GOES-9 operated as a replacement for GMS-5 starting May 2003
- GOES-9B (May 03 - Oct 05)
- GOES-10 (Aug 98 - Jun 06)
- GOES-11 (Jul 06 - Present)
- GOES-12 (Apr 03 - Present)
- INSAT-1B (Apr 88 - Mar 89)
- METEOSAT-2 (Jul 83 - Aug 88)
- METEOSAT-3A (Aug 88 - Jan 91)
*** METEOSAT-3 resumed operation in the GOES-EAST position in Aug 91 ***
- METEOSAT-3B (Aug 91 - Apr 95)
- METEOSAT-4 (Jun 89 - Feb 94)
- METEOSAT-5A (Feb 94 - Feb 97)
*** METEOSAT-5 was temporarily replaced by METEOSAT-6 during Mar 97-Apr 98 *** METEOSAT-5 resumed operation in the INS position (63E 0N) in Jul 98 ***
- METEOSAT-5B (Jul 98 - Present)
- METEOSAT-6 (Mar 97 - May 98)
- METEOSAT-7 (Jun 98 - Jun 06)
- METEO-8 (Jul 06 - Present)
- MTS-1 (Nov 05 - Present)
- NOAA-7 (Aug 81 - Jan 85)
- NOAA-8 (Oct 83 - Jun 84)
- NOAA-9 (Feb 85 - Oct 88)
- NOAA-10 (Dec 86 - Aug 91)
- NOAA-11 (Nov 88 - Aug 94)
- NOAA-12 (Sep 91 - Dec 98)
- NOAA-14 (Feb 95 - Sep 01)
- NOAA-15 (Jan 99 - Jul 00)
- NOAA-16 (Oct 01 - Aug 05)
- NOAA-17 (Jul 02 - Present)
- NOAA-18 (Sep 05 - Present)
Brest, C.L., W.B. Rossow, and M. Roiter, 1997: Update of Radiance Calibrations for ISCCP. J. Atmos. Ocean Tech., 14, 1091-1109. Read abstract/document.
Rossow, W.B., C.L. Brest, and M. Roiter, 1996: International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) Update of Radiance Calibrations. WMO/TD.-No. 736. World Meteorological Organization. Read abstract/document (79 Pages).
Desormeaux, Y., W.B. Rossow, C.L. Brest, and C.G. Campbell, 1993: Normalization and calibration of geostationary satellite radiances for ISCCP. J. Atmos. Ocean Tech., 10, 304-325. Read abstract/document.
Rossow, W.B., Y. Desormeaux, C.L. Brest, and A.W. Walker, 1992: International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) Radiance Calibration Report. WMO/TD-No. 520, WCRP-77, World Meteorological Organization. Read abstract/document. Read addendum to document (PS). NOTE: Mistakes in the document discovered post-publication are corrected by errata pages which are available as PostScript replacement pages.
Brest, C.L., and W.B. Rossow, 1992: Radiometric calibration and monitoring of NOAA AVHRR data for ISCCP. Int. J. Remote Sens., 13, 235-273. Read abstract and/or download PDF document.